Relevance for prevention and treatment of oral mucosa diseases is due to the high prevalence of this pathology. Depending on the localization of inflammation, medical practice distinguishes: stomatitis, glossitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, etc. Often there is a combination of pathological processes. The most widespread oral diseases are presented by stomatitis, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Letís see in details how to cope with them and prevent their further development.
The clinical picture of stomatitis varies, depending on the form of the disease.
Allergic stomatitis is characterized by severe erythema and moderate swelling of the oral mucosa. The patient notices itching, burning or dryness may be due to increased sensitivity to any food or lipstick.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis or Vincent 's disease is manifested necrotizing lesions of gingival papillae.
Candidiasis (thrush), caused by yeast-like fungus C. albicans, there is a white "cheesy" plaque, dominating over the congested mucosa. Candidiasis occurs in children and debilitated patients with immunodeficiency states, long-term use of antibiotics, corticosteroids and anticancer drugs.
Aphthous stomatitis is usually an indicator of gastrointestinal diseases. Factors, that predispose to the development of this kind of disorder are: iron deficiency, vitamin B12 and folic acid. The disease can be triggered by stress or local trauma.
Herpetic stomatitis manifests painful blisters on the mucous membrane of the mouth and lips. Most often, acute herpetic infection occurs in children of one-three years.
When systemic diseases may occur the following changes of the oral mucosa: Koplik spots (measles), bubbles, hemorrhagic lesions, redness of the lips and oral mucosa, etc.
Gingivitis and periodontitis
As a rule, inflammatory or destructive changes of the tissues, surrounding and supporting the teeth, i.e periodontal (gum, alveolar bone, cementum), begin with gingivitis (gum disease), which progresses to periodontitis (gum disease with further bone destruction).
Periodontitis is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. It is believed that the cause of this disease is the failure of oral hygiene, resulting in a dental plaque, and local factors: pathology bite, dental calculus, impaired mouth breathing.
Gingivitis often develops due to endocrine changes in adolescents and pregnant women. Furthermore, gingivitis, especially among teenagers, may be an early sign of latent diabetes.
Gingivitis symptoms include redness, swelling and bleeding. If the disease is not cured properly, then, the patient will face with periodontitis and the beginning of bone destruction. The later stage of the disease is characterized by loss of teeth.
What to do and how to treat these mouth conditions?
If the disease is caused by systemic disease, the doctor assigns a specific therapy. It is necessary to eliminate local and general predisposing factors. In all cases, the patient should follow careful hygiene and dental health. Sometimes, gingivitis and periodontitis require medical intervention: tartar removal, replacement of fillings, plastic of vestibule of mouth and bridles.
One of the topical preparations, effective in the treatment and prevention of said pathology is Imudon - immunostimulant of bacterial origin. Imudon represents a multivalent antigen complex, the composition of which corresponds to the most common pathogens, causing processes in oral cavity.
Imudon has the following therapeutic effects:
- the phagocytic activity of macrophages;
- an increase of lysozyme in saliva;
- stimulation and increase in the number of immune cells, responsible for the production of antibodies;
- increase of secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA);
- slowing the oxidative metabolism of polymorphonuclear cells.
Due to its ability to activate and stimulate the formation of antibodies of the oral mucosa, Imudon strengthens fight against infection and facilitates the patient's condition