This medication is a type of corticosteroid that is used to manage inflammatory conditions. It is also used to treat diseases that directly affect a person's immune system. As such, Prednisone is used to suppress the immune system so as to keep the body from rejecting transplanted organs, as well as in treating a wide variety of conditions. Some of the most common ailments include:
1.Replacement therapy in patients whose adrenal glands are unable to produce sufficient amounts of cortisol
2.Several different types of arthritis
11.Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
12.Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Prednisone is available in tablets of 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 50 mg as well as in 5mg/5ml liquid form. The first dose that a patient is given will vary depending upon what condition is being treated and what the age of the patient is. With this in mind, the starting dosage is usually between 5 and 60 mg per day and it must be taken with food. Oftentimes it is then adjusted based upon how the person's body responds to this treatment. Unfortunately, there is no immediate effect. In fact, this medication usually needs to be taken for several days before the maximal results will be seen. However, if this medication is taken for too long, then it can cause your adrenal glands to actually stop producing cortisol. You cannot simply stop taking this medication though. Instead, the dosage must be gradually lowered so that your adrenal glands will have time in which to recover.
This is a man-made corticosteroid that is taken orally in order to suppress the immune system and inflammation. The effects of this medication are similar to other corticosteroids, which include:
Synthetic corticosteroids actually mimic the action of the naturally-occurring corticosteroid that your body's adrenal glands produce, which is called cortisol (hydrocortisone). These corticosteroids have a lot of different effects upon the human body. However, they are most often used for their strong anti-inflammatory effects. This is especially true in those conditions where the immune system plays an important role. These conditions include:
6.Allergic and inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes
Since Prednisone is inactive in the body, it must be converted to prenisolone by liver enzymes first. For this reason, prednisone may not be nearly as effective in people who have liver diseases or who simply are unable to convert prednisone into prenisolone.