There are several ways to determine skin type. Usually, it is classified according to photosensitivity and also, depending on the function of the sebaceous and sweat glands.
According to glands secrete, there are such skin types as: normal, oily, dry, combination. Any of these types requires a special care, but especially dry and sensitive skin.
Dry skin - this type of skin is usually thin, has small pores and dull hue. It is characterized by reduced lipid content. In youth, this type of skin looks attractive: peach cheeks, the lack of luster, invisible pores. But such skin quickly forms wrinkles, especially around the eyes. With age, the normal skin, as a rule, becomes dry and it occurs after an average of 40 years.
If your face has barely visible pores, the color is pink-reddish, the skin is matte or slightly rough, after 25 years you will notice the first wrinkles around the eyes. If on sun, wind, cold the skin reacts with irritation, redness and peeling, after washing there is a feeling of tightness, and problems with acne are known to you, then your skin refers to the dry type.
Owners of this skin, should care of it, constantly moisturizing and nourishing, to look attractive. The pH for dry skin is in the range from 3 to 5.5.
The notion of "sensitive skin" is very firmly established in our lives. People with this skin type often complain cosmetologists, a lot of magazines write about it and special cosmetics became one of the most selling products in beauty world.
For example, 40 % of the U.S. population are convinced that they have all the hallmarks of a similar sensitivity. 70 % of all women in Europe describe their skin as sensitive, but in fact there are only 12%. In most cases, such skin have blondes and redheads with very fair skin and blue or green eyes.
Some people have all the signs of "sensitivity" (irritation, redness and flaking of the skin) after applying incorrectly selected makeup and creams.
French Research Center of healthy skin has identified four types of sensitive skin:
• I type irritation is associated with alcohol, some foods, stress, sudden change in temperature.
• II type redness, feeling of tightness appears while on the cold, wind, under the air or conditioner.
• III type includes all of the above symptoms and red spots appear also in the use of cosmetics, when washing your face with soap and water.
• IV type with red spots on the skin is associated with the menstrual cycle or onset of menopause in women.
Unfortunately, sensitive skin is not only due to the inherent characteristics of the structure, but also a result of our not always justified action on it. Chemical peels, creams and masks with active substances can lead to irritation and reddening of the skin instead of the desired effect.
Sensitive skin - is not a diagnosis and not a disease. Of course, it complicates life for its owners. People with sensitive skin are at risk for certain dermatological diseases. So, the only way out for them is the proper care and careful choice of skin care remedies.
The concept of sensitive and dry skin is closely linked with each other, as is almost always, dry skin is very sensitive and this type requires more intensive protective procedures (especially from the sun), cleaning, moisturizing and nourishing, then other skin types.
It’s not a secret that skin changes with age. It gradually becomes drier, loses its firmness and elasticity. That’s why, cosmetic care remedies should be changed accordingly. In addition, cosmetics should consider climatic conditions in which you are.
In order to get to know what remedies are best for your skin type, its advisable to visit dermatologist or get advice from a pharmacist at the pharmacy, they will help to choose the right tool for care of dry and sensitive skin.